Due to their high power density, low weight, and ability to be recharged, lithium batteries, and specifically lithium-ion batteries, have become a popular energy source for many different kinds of devices. Most portable electronic devices, from smartphones and tablets to bigger tools, like bigger injection molding china machinery, and appliances like cordless vacuums, use lithium-ion batteries.
However, a large portion of the population is unaware that lithium batteries are considered hazardous materials. More lithium batteries are being shipped out without any precautions to meet the rising demand for electronic devices.
What you need to know before sending out your first or subsequent shipments of lithium batteries is discussed below :
Standards for Shipping
If you are one of the top lithium battery suppliers and need to ship lithium batteries across the country, you should be aware of the dangers they present. They can release harmful chemicals and spark electrical fires in the wrong hands.
Most shipping companies have strict guidelines about how lithium-ion batteries must be packaged to ensure total safety and reduce dangers. There are three distinct groups here:
- None other than cell phones and batteries
- Equipped to the gills
- Included in machinery
When equipment and lithium batteries are sent together, the batteries are enclosed in the same box as the device they power. When lithium-ion batteries are built into a device, it indicates they are already part of that device.
The Necessary Paperwork
Shipping hazardous products or risky commodities, in particular, sometimes necessitates extensive documentation. These papers provide crucial information that transport workers need to know about the products they are handling so that they can ensure everyone’s safety.
Shipments may be delayed, or fines may be imposed if certain paperwork is missing or not filled out correctly.
Lithium batteries’ transportation requires many different forms to be filled out. It’s not as simple as shipping some high quality valves in water distribution systems, plumbing tools, electric devices, or even household stuff. Depending on the shipping company and method, different documentation may be required.
Lithium batteries cannot be shipped without proper packaging. Due to the stored energy in these batteries, improper handling could result in a short circuit, overheating, or even a fire.
The correct packing ensures that these batteries cannot be accidentally activated. Because of this, you may rest easy knowing that your shipment will arrive in one piece.
Lithium-ion batteries require specific packaging to meet the standards of most carriers. This means they are packed in a sturdy, sealed, and padded container to avoid any movement or jostling during transport.
When shipping lithium batteries, it is important to think about both the interior and exterior packaging. A container manufactured from the following materials is suitable for holding inner packaging:
The interior packaging shields the goods from harm from within the container, while the outer wrapping adds an extra layer of security.
The Procedure And The Framework
Compliance can be difficult to achieve, especially for firms with many business units and locations. This is due to the fact that the requirements for transporting hazmat might vary by country, transit mode, item type, and more. Create company-wide procedures to guarantee all shipments adhere to current rules, from labeling and packaging to paperwork.
The procedure of shipping dangerous goods can be automated with the help of dedicated software that checks each shipment against current rules and regulations.
Marking and labeling
When sending lithium batteries through the air, they must be clearly marked and labeled. Packages carrying hazardous materials must be clearly marked and labeled so that all shipping personnel know the contents, where to store the item, and what to do if an accident occurs.
We require a passing grade of:
- Permanent labels or imprints on the packaging
- Legible and easy to see
- Resistant to environmental conditions
- Displayed against a background of contrasting colors
- The language used must be English. Other languages may be used in addition
- the right proportions
Restriction on Air Transport for Shipping
There are new rules that must be followed when sending lithium-ion batteries (UN 3480) by air alone.
IATA’s new rules, which went into effect on January 1, 2022, removed Section II from PI 965 and PI 968. Shippers were able to send goods containing tiny quantities of batteries by air transport with fewer limitations because of these packing rules.
Now, the Packing Instruction requires Section IA or IB to be used when sending lithium batteries that meet the requirements for Section II.
The IATA has updated its regulations, and you may learn more about them here. Note that this change also affects standalone lithium-metal batteries (UN 3090) shipping over the air.
Shipping lithium-ion batteries is a lengthy and involved operation, it’s true. Though rules and restrictions can be annoying, they are ultimately put in place for the greater good.
Risky materials, such as lithium batteries, cause serious problems when shipped. How they are packaged, labeled, and sent in the mail can make all the difference between life and death.
You can ensure that your shipments will arrive safely and in accordance with all applicable requirements if you follow the above instructions.